Governorate of Musandam lies in extreme north of the Sultanate. It is separated from the rest of the Sultanate by a strip of UAE land. Its rough mountains rise to 1800 metres above sea level. Governorate of Musandant is distinguished for its strategic location, with part of it known as Ras Musandam – overlooks the international water passage called the Strait of Hormuz.

 It is worth noting that not the whole of the Strait is good for navigation. The part suitable for sea navigation falls within the territorial waters of the Sultanate, which made Omanis shoulder a huge responsibility in organizing navigation in this Strait since the old ages. The strategic importance of this Strait has increased nowadays, as it turned to be a crossing point to 90% of the Gulf’s oil shipped to all over the world.

Governorate of Musandam consists of four wilayats: Khasab. bukha, Daba Al Bayah and Madha. Khasab town is the regional center of the Governorate located 481 kilometers from the capital Muscat.


Wilayat khasab : The Wilayat of Khasab is located in the furthest north of the Governorate of Musandam. It lies between the two Wilayats of Dibba and Bukha, overlooking the Gulf of Oman in the east and the Arabian Sea in the north west. It also overlooks the Straits of Hormuz, the strategic waterway through which 90% of the oil production of the Gulf region passes to the international consumers.  This area of the Gulf has a tortuous fjord-like coastline. 

It contains about 136 villages on the coasts and in the mountains. Its name is attributed to the fertility (khasab) of its rich land with its fresh subterranean water, which flows down through the great wadis when rain falls. 

Wilayat Bukha: Located on the coast of the Arabian Gulf, on the west side of the Wilayat of Khasab it neighbours the Emirate of Ras Al Khaima in the west. It contains approximately 86 villages.

There are a number of touristic attractions. The fort of Al Bilad, in the centre of the Wilayat was built in 1250 AH. There is also the fort of Al Qala’a, located on a mountain top which can be clearly seen from all over the Wilayat; also a .ruined mosque in the west of the Wilayat, together with two castles and a spring in the village of Al Jadi. There are also many caves in the mountains. 

Wilayat Dibba : It is located in the south east of the governorate, to the north and west are mountain ranges linking it to the other parts of the region, in the east is the Gulf of Oman, and in the south the U.A.E. It contains about 114 villages.

Al Asma’i says that it was one of the Arab markets in Oman. The Muslims conquered it in the era of the Caliph Abu Bakr Al Sadiq in the 11th year of the Hijra. Ka’ab Bin Suar Bin Bakr is one of the region’s famous men, a leader and a scholar, he became Judge of Basra during the era of the Caliph Omar Bin Al Khatab, and Al Muhallab Bin Abi Sufra, was a leader of the Muslim armies at the time of the Umayya State. 

Wilayat Mudha : Located in the north of the Sultanate it neighbours the Emirate of Ras Al Khaima in the west, the Emirate of Sharjah in the north and the Emirate of Fujairah in the South. IIt contains about 10 villages. Human settlement there goes back more than 3,500 years. There are many ancient rock paintings, making it into a natural museum, with drawings which go back to before Islam. There are also paintings and writings which go back to the first centuries of the Hijra. In addition there are a number of ruins which date back to the Iron Age and the years between 1000 and 1500 years B.C.

The Wilayat is famous for a number of secret storage places, beneath the earth, which the people there call “Makhazan Al Jahal”. In addition there is an abundance of graves, the most outstanding being the one of Hajar Bani Humaid which has paintings on its white marble tombstone together with the names of the dead. There are also a number of  forts, castles and towers in Mudha, Al Ghuana and Hajar Bani Humaid scattered on the mountain tops.

The Wilayat is distinguished geographically by its mountainous nature. It is one of the Omani Wilayats that is irrigated with afalaj and springs; the most outstanding of its falaj is called Al Sheikh Mohammed Bin Salim Al Madhani, its water is cold in the summer and warm in the winter. The afalaj of Al Dair, Al ‘Aadad, Al Shariki, Al Muatarad, Al Qaba, Al Ruman, Al Suduq and Al Saruj are other important afalaj. The springs are Al Shariki, Lishmah, Hajar Bani Humaid and Al Samaai, which has sulfurous water – hot in winter and cold in summer. The people of the area use this spring to treat skin diseases.

Tourist Attractions ​

– Bait Al-Qufl

– Khasab Fort

– Jabal Harim

– old mosques

– The Souq

– The Harbour

– Khawer Sham

– Jazirat Al Maqlab

– Seebi Island

– Kumzar

– Wadi Rawdah & Rawadah Bowl

– Daba Fort

– Bukha Fort

– Sayh Plateau 

How to get to Musandam ​

–        By Air: Oman air flies from Muscat to Khasab on Thursday (0855 hours ) and Fridays (1535 hours ) in light aircraft. Reservation can be made in advance with travel agents or direct through the airline office. A passport with a valid visa for Oman is necessary. The journey take approximately 65 minutes and provides breathtaking views of some of the most dramatic scenery in Oman .

–        By Road: pass is essential for travelling out of Oman and into Musandam by road for non GCC citizens . You will not be allowed through a border post without the specific crossing indicated on your pass, so for flexibility it is best to request all border crossing ( Wajajah,Khatmat Milahah and Tibat ) when applying to Royal Oman Police .To obtain a road pass ,you will need a form from your sponsor ,together with your passport and two photographs.

Other important information

–        The Musandam Peninsula is the smallest and most northerly region of Oman, coving an area of approximately 3,000 square kilometers.

–        The population of the peninsula is approximately 30,000 with the greatest concentration of people living in Khasab, the capital.

–        Musandam highest mountain is Jabal Harim, at 2,087 meters.

Hotels in Musandam ​


Hotel name


Six Senses Hideaway Zighy Bay

968 26735555

Dibba Golden Tulip

968 26836654

Khasab Golden Tulip

968 26730777


Useful Number 




Daba Police Station

968 26836999

Bukha Police Station

968 26828399

Tibat Police Station

968 26734325

Kumzar Police Station

968 26733001

Lima Police Station

968 26735111

Khasab Travel & Tours

968 24706464

Hurmuz Tour

968 26731616

Musandam Sea Adventure Tourism

968 26730069

Al Marssa Travel & Tours

968 26836550

Shissa Beach Travel & Tours

968 26836551

Lima Coast Trading

968 26836599