Al Wusta Region is situated to the south of both A’Dakhliah and A’Dhahirah Regions, at the east side it is linked to the Arabian Sea, at the west to the Empty Quarter and at the south to Governorate of Dhofar. It includes a large area of central parts of the Sultanate. It is distinguished for having a great number of oil wells.
This Region has been created in 1991 as an independent region in order to strengthen efforts since its cities and villages were part of A’Dakhliah and A’Sharqiyah Regions and Governorate of Dhofar. It consists of four wilayats: Hayma, Muhut, Doqum and Al Jazur.
Wilayat Hayma is situated in the center of the region, situated on the Muscat-Salalah road which links the Northern parts of’ the Sultanate with the Southern parts. It is a desert area, therefore its people are migrating Bedouins. This wilayat is famous for its wild animals especially deer and Arabia Oryx which are found at (Jaluoni) area. This privilege is peculiar to this Region of Oman. The area of the Oryx sanctuary is approximately 25 thousand km². It has been listed by UNESCO in the World Heritage List. The other three wilayats arc situated at the coast over looking the Arabian Sea.
Wilayat Haima : It is a vast Wilayat located in the heart of the desert in the middle of the Sultanate of Oman. Neighbouring it in the south is the Governorate of Dhofar, in the north the Dakhaliya, and especially the Wilayat of Adam, in the east the desert of Rub’ Al Khali and in the west the Arabian Sea.
It is almost mid-way between Muscat and Salalah, 540 km from Muscat and about 500 km from Salalah in the Governorate of Dhofar.
In the Wilayat of Haima there are some tourist features such as caves. The most outstanding is the cave of Al Raki which is located in the north east of Ja’aluni, water emerges from this cave but it is not potable. There is also Al Masak cave which hasearth’s surface. It can be reached through an opening with a sloping path. The fourth cave is called Qataar and there is water in it but it is not drinkable. There are also, besides the caves, 3 springs. One of them is called “Buyi Al Huja” which is a vast rock standing on a rocky foundation forming natural shade.
Wilayat Al Duqm: It is located in the south eastern corner of Al Wusta, neighbouring the Wilayat of Mahut in the north, the Wilayat of Jazur in the south, the Wilayat of Haima in the west and in the east the Arabian Sea. There are more than 4,276 inhabitants living in about 23 villages.
Despite the preference of the people of Duqm to emigrate north, to the Wilayats of the Dakhaliya, during the period they call “the Flood” the weather in the Wilayat of Duqm during the 3 months from June to September is wonderful summer weather. There is no need to use air conditioning during this period. This unique weather is very like the autumn season in Dhofar. There are a number of beaches on the Arabian Sea. The wonderful beaches of Duqm are characterized by their cleanness, the blueness of the unpolluted water, the purity of the soft sand and the winds which have a tendency to be cool. There is the beach of Al Shu’ir, which is about 20 kilometres from the centre of the Wilayat. Scattered about are the empty houses of the fishermen which await the return of their families from the north. Another beach is called the “tourist camps” by the people who arrive by car from the neighbouring Gulf countries, coming from the Wilayat of Ibri in Al Dahira to spend some time among their brother Omanis in the agreeable weather of this region, which being triangular in shape thrusts into the waters of the Arabian Sea with beaches on all sides. Ras Madruka beach is about 80 kilometres from the centre of the Wilayat.
Wilayat Mahut: It neighbours in the north the Wilayat of Mudaibi, which is part of the Sharqiya, in the north west the Wilayat of Adam, part of the Dakhaliya, in the south west the Wilayat of Duqm, and in the north east the Wilayat of Ja’alan Bani Bu ‘Ali, part of the Sharqiya.
There are about 32 villages with 9,761 people. It was one of the most important ports in previous times. It was famous for ship-building and for transporting travellers and goods from Oman to India, East Africa and other parts of the African continent, carrying Omani products and returning with goods which were not produced at that time in Oman.
Wilayat Al Jazur: Located on the south coast of Al Wusta, in the north is the Wilayat of Duqm, in the south the Wilayat of Shalim, which is part of the Governorate of Dhofar, in the west the Wilayat of Haima and in the east the Arabian Sea.There are about 12 villages in the Wilayat with over 5832 inhabitants.
The Wilayat of Jazur like the other coastal Wilayats of Al Wusta – Duqm and Mahut – has a number of beaches. The most important are in the reaion of Rima which is about 50 kms fromKhudra and Khudra Al Jazur where there are villages which benefit from free services.
The Wadis of ‘Ail Al Khudra, Wadi Kaisar and Al Sabil, located on the beach have villages with “Samar” trees in the middle of them. Madhar and Fadhil beaches are the same. On the side of Rima there are two subsidiary areas which are part of the Wilayat of Jazur – Al Lakabi and Surara.
– The beaches of the Wilayat of Duqm are characterized by caves which were previously used as a refuge from the rains and various climatic fluctuations.
– Cave of Al Raki which is located in the north east of Ja’aluni, water emerges from this cave but it is not potable.
– Wadis of ‘Ail Al Khudra, Wadi Kaisar and Al Sabil, located on the beach have villages with “Samar” trees in the middle of them.
Image Gallery – Al Wusta Region