Castles in Oman

Al Hazm Castle

This castle is one of Islamic architectural masterpieces, as it does not contain any ceiling rafters. Roofs are held up by columns. The width of each wall is not less than three metres. This castle, with its fortified towers and cannon openings in the upper storeys, is built so that its various huge entrances are not opposite each other. Al Hazm Castle has colossal wooden doors equipped with receptacles for pouring boiling oil or date honey.

The fort is located in Wilayt ArRustaq in Al Batinah South Governorate.

 

Khasab Castle

Omanis built the present Khasab Castle on the ruins of the old Castle constructed by the Portuguese in the eleventh century Hijri (the seventeenth century) where some parts of the old Castle are still visible through the circular tower that stands in the middle of the castle. The present castle has four strongholds.

The castle’s gigantic middle tower has been renovated to become a museum for displaying various handicrafts and archaeological collections in Musandam Governorate. Also renovated are the housing facilities in the castle, which were converted into a furnished home containing the entire furniture of the castle, including an exhibition of traditional clothes and ornaments.

 

Jabreen Castle

Jabreen Castle dates back to 1670. Its design and construction were supervised by the Al Immam BilArab bin Sultan Al Y`aribi (who now rests on the left side of the castle’s main entrance) and was built to resemble the most beautiful palaces of that period. This castle was a beautiful palace for the Immam and his family and a bastion during wartime. It was also a beacon of education and contained many study rooms.

 

The palace is a large rectangular building consisting of five floors and containing 55 rooms. A Falaj runs through the middle of the castle. This castle is distinguished by the inscriptions and frescoes that adorn its rooms. The castle’s ceilings are decorated with paintings and Islamic-era style inscriptions, and its doors are beautifully carved. All these architectural details make Jabreen Castle an authentic expression of Omani craftsmanship.

 

 

Bayt Ar Rudaydah Castle

This castle is called Bayt Ar Rudaydah from its proximity to an old dam that stopped the valley waters from flooding Birkat Al Mawz in A'Dakhiliyah Governorate. Falaj Khatmayn, which springs from Al Jabal Al Akhdar (Green Mountain) and which has been added to the UNESCO World Heritage list, passes this castle.

 

Bayt Ar Rudaydah dates back to the seventeenth century. It lies about 24 kilometres from Nizwa in A'Dakhiliyah Governorate, at the entrance of Wadi Al Muaydin. The Castle combines the defensive and traditional elements of architecture, as its thick walls, topped with towers constructed of brick clay, hide an architecture elegance that is revealed in the shape of multiple arches, painted ceilings and elaborate plaster engravings.

 

Al Ainayn Castle

Located in A'Dhahirah Governorate (interior region), Al Ainayn Castle is a square fortified house built by Sheikh Nasser bin Mohamed bin Nasser Al Qaferi in the year 1154 AH –1740 G. It is a defensive building consisting of two storeys.

 

Al Mintarib Castle

Was built during the thirteenth century AD in the middle of Al Mintarib town in Wilayt Badiya within the A'Sharqiyah North Governorate for sheltering the entire population from enemy attacks. The Castle was restored during the reign of Imam Azzan bin Qais Al Busaidi to become the legislative and administrative centre of power in the region. The square-shaped castle extends over an area of 900 square metres.

 

 

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