Basic Information



Sultanate of Oman



Head of State

His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said
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The Sultanate of Oman is situated on the southeast corner of the Arabian Peninsula and is located between Latitudes 16° 40' and 26° 20' North and Longitudes 51° 50' and 59° 40' East.



The sultanate encompasses an area of 309500 sq kms


Approximately 2 million. Around 1.5 million are Omani nationals. The remaining are expatriates from India, Asia, other Arab countries, Europe and USA.



Muscat international airport serves many international airlines such as British Airways, KLM, Kuwait Airways, Swiss Air and Emirates. The national carrier is Oman Air, which flies to the United Arab Emirates (UAE), India, Pakistan, Qatar, Egypt, and Sri Lanka as well as performing domestic flights to Salalah, Masirah Island and Musandam.



Islam, predominantly Ibadhi sect.


For one month a year, Muslim abstains from eating, drinking and smoking from dawn to dusk. Although non –Muslims are not expected to fast, they are expected to show respect by not doing any of there things in public.


Natural resources

Petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas.


Density of population

8.8 per square kilometer


The Sultanate of Oman is four hours ahead of UCT (Universal Coordinated Time, formerly known as GMT).


RO.1  =  US$ 2,6   ( 385.0 Biza = US $ 1)

Credit Cards

Credit cards such as American Express, Visa MasterCard and Diners club are available through global network branches and accepted in shopping area.

National Day

Falls on November 18th every year (two day holiday later in the same month).


Official holidays

Hijra New Year                1 day – 1st Moharrum
Prophet Birthday             1 day – 12th Rabi Al Awai
Isra & Meiraj                    1 day – 27th Rajab
Eid Al Fitr                        4 days – 1st-4th Shawal
Eid Al Adha                     3 to 5 days-9th to 13th Al Hijjrah
National Day                   2 days

Official Working Hours

Saturday to Wednesday: 7:30 am to 2:30 pm with exception to Ramadhan during which work starts at (9 am to 2 pm).

Private sector`s official working hours from Saturday to Thursday (according to company system) (with exception to the Banking sector, some companies and Capital Market).


Local Transport

The state-owned bus company, ONTC has the franchise to operate public services throughout the Sultanate . It also contract out some of its fleet for short-term charters over 20 million km per year and has an annual replacement programme for its fleet with the most modern vehicles available.


Taxi service run by the private sector are also well developed and there is an excellent network of minibuses operating as services taxis linking up the major center of population.

Health & Medical Care

No compulsory immunizations are required to enter Oman 


Tap water is desalinated, and although it’s safe to drink, its not recommended .Mineral water is commonly consumed in hotel and restaurants, and can be purchased in most grocery stores, gas stations and supermarkets.



Arab and Islamic culture is dominant in Oman and it affects the general feature of life style, however there are other cultural styles as Oman attracts various norms of life. But men and women have to be abiding by wearing descent clothes in markets and public places.

Road Services

Well maintained highways link every major city in Oman .Information relating to Car Rental facilities (International Driving License requires) and Bus Tours are available on travel agencies and with tourist guide.


Emergency number

In the event of an emergency, dial 9999 for an ambulance or to call the police.


Crime and personal safety

Oman is an extremely safe country. Violent crime is very rare.



Don’t take photographs of people without asking or you risk causing considerable offence, especially if taking photos of ladies without permission. In Arabic, “May I take you picture?” translates (roughly) as Mumkin sura, min fadlak? (to a man) or Mumkin sura, min fadlik? (to a woman). Men will probably be happy to oblige, women less so, while children of either sex will usually be delighted.



Smoking is not permitted inside cafés, restaurants, bars, malls, offices and other public areas – although it’s usually permitted on the outdoor terraces of bars and restaurants.


National Flag

The flag of Oman comprises three equal horizontal bands of white (top), red (middle) and green (bottom) with a thicker vertical red band on the hoist side. White stands for peace and prosperity, red for the battles fought against foreign invaders, and green for the fertility and greenery of the land. Centred at the top of the vertical band (in white) is the nation’s emblem, an Omani ‘khanjar’ (dagger) and belt, superimposed on two crossed swords.



Oman’s climate varies considerably with the different regions, but sunny blue skies and warm temperatures can be expected most of the year.


Information on local weather and meteorological conditions is available by dialling 1102 (Arabic) or 1103 (English).




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Oman Visitors Portal
P.O. Box 1137 pc 132 Muscat,
Sultanate of Oman
Phone : +968 94433559
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